The Hakka is a subgroup of the Han Chinese people who live predominantly in the provinces of Guangdong, Jiangxi and Fujian in China. Their ancestors were often said to have arrived from what is today's central China centuries ago. It is still a contested issue where the Hakkas originated. It is said that in a series of migrations, the Hakkas moved, settled in their present locations in southern China, and then migrated overseas to various countries throughout the world.
Some estimated that there were around 120 million Hakka people living around the world, among them, 1/3 of the Hong Kong population is Hakka, and 1/5 to 1/4 of Taiwanese are Hakka. In mainland China, certain amount of Hakka live in Hunan, Guangxi, Sichuan and other provinces besides Fujian, Jiangxi, and Guangdong. There are also a lot of Hakka living in South-east Asia, Australia, USA, and Canada.
Minxi is one of the major hometowns and inhabited areas for Hakka people. Historical materials and clan pedigrees reveal that almost every clan around Minxi take their ancestors who first settled down Minxi as their first ancestors in south China, symbolizing the start point of becoming a “Hakka”. Five counties of the seven divisions of the City are inhabited by Hakka people, the population of which covers 75 percent of the total population. The Hakka culture, architecture, folk customs in Minxi are of long history, richness, colorfulness, and unique characteristics. Tingzhou, China’s Famous Historic Town, is regarded as the “Hakka Capital”, while the Tingjiang River is regarded as “Hakka Mother River”, and the Li’s Ancestral Temple, the construction of which began in the 16th year of Emperor Daoguang of Qing Dynasty, is regarded as the “Base Camp for Li Clans around South-east Asia”. Nowadays, there are over 1.2 million overseas Chinese, compatriots in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan who are originally from Longyan, among them, 300,000 Hakka people in Taiwan. In November 2000, the 16th World Hakka Congress was held in Longyan, over 3,500 representatives around the world attended the congress.